Chitosan is a derivative of glucan with recurrent chitin units that has been identified by Rugt in year 1859 with a known agent and is much more common than the secondary type. Boiling of chitin in potassium solution was obtained at a specified concentration. Chitin is a naturally occurring mucosal polysaccharide with a chemical formula (C8H13NO5) that is abundantly found in the outer skeleton of arthropods such as shrimp, crabs and also low plants such as yeast and insect cuticles. In this article we are going to introduce chitosan and give you some information about chitosan purchase.
Is chitin a natural polymer?
In the deacetylation reaction, by adding concentrated sodium hydroxide solution and heat, acetyl amine groups in chitin are converted to amine agents. The number of acetyl groups present on the polymer chains indicates the difference between the two polymers. Conventionally, 5% of the amide groups are considered as the boundary between chitin and chitosan. That is, polymers with a degree of deacetylation of less than 1% are called chitin and more than 5% are called chitosan. The importance of chitin in the preparation of chitosan is because chitosan is used in clinical products due to its biological compatibility with other substances, easy digestibility, non-toxicity, high adsorption capacity, and availability as a drug carrier. Chitin is structurally different from cellulose in only one acetamide group. Chitin, from the Greek word chiton, means hard coating. This composition was first described by Braconott in Year 1811.
What are the uses of chitin?
Chitosan is widely used in industries as well as in agriculture. One of its most important uses is the de-stylization that exists which depends on density of chitosan and the type of the chitosan biopolymer. In commercial chitosan samples which is produced by companies that has the chitosan reference standard, the degree of de-staining is always less than 95%, because a higher increase in this value increases the cost of production and thus increases its price. Chitosan with a high degree of decontamination is used in medicine. Its applications include the following:
- Wastewater treatment and water engineering
- Paper and packaging industries
- Application in Medical Engineering
- Medicine and Biomedicine
- Food industry
- Textile Industry
Chitosan with high purity and affordable price
High quality and good chitosan and chitin are chitosan whose structure completely obeys the structure of chitosan. It is not difficult to find these chitosan because almost all of its manufacturing companies adhere to the formula precisely because of their mass production at a lower price. Medium chitosan can be easily used in paper mills because of its high structural similarity to cellulose. Chitosan paper has a high surface area and high moisture resistance, which is very suitable for printing and painting. The paper is also flexible and durable due to the hydrogen bonds between the polymer chains and withstands rupture. In addition, chitosan is used in food packaging industries due to its antimicrobial properties.
Which brands have cheapest chitosan?
Chitosans may have irreversible effects, so care must be taken in selecting them. So be sure to use standard chitosan and do not try to look for cheap. Chitosan supplements appear to be safe when taken for a short time. Side effects may include:
- stomach discomfort
If you are allergic to crustaceans, you should not consume chitosan. Chitosan may interfere with how your blood thinners work. If you are taking warfarin, talk to your doctor before taking this supplement. If you are taking diabetes medications, talk to your doctor before taking chitosan and ask if there is anything you should consider. Chitosan may also prevent the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamins A, D, E and K. Magnesium may not be absorbed. Always talk to your doctor about the supplements you take, including natural supplements and supplements that are purchased over the counter. This way, your doctor can check for any possible side effects or interactions with any medication. However, high purity chitosan has far fewer side effects